I2CINIT

I2CINIT 2080 enhanced

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Action

Initializes the SCL and SDA pins.

 

 

Syntax

I2CINIT

I2CINIT twi

I2CINIT #const

 

 

 

Remarks

By default the SCL and SDA pins are in the right state when you reset the chip. Both the PORT and the DDR bits are set to 0 in that case.

When you need to change the DDR and/or PORT bits you can use I2CINIT to bring the pins in the proper state again.

 

For the XMEGA which has multiple TWI interfaces you can use a channel to specify the TWI interface otherwise the default TWIC will be used.

 

For normal AVR processors with multiple TWI interfaces you can specify the interface : TWI or TWI1.

When no parameter is provided, the first default TWI will be selected.

 

 

ASM

The I2C routines are located in i2c.lib. _i2c_init is called.

 

 

See also

I2CSEND , I2CSTART , I2CSTOP , I2CRBYTE , I2CWBYTE , I2C_TWI Library for using TWI

 

 

Example

Config Sda = Portb.5

Config Scl = Portb.7

I2cinit

 

Dim X As Byte , Slave As Byte

X = 0                                                       'reset variable

Slave = &H40                                               'slave address of a PCF 8574 I/O IC

I2creceive Slave , X                                       'get the value

Print X                                                     'print it

 

 

Example XMEGA

Open "twic" For Binary As #4                               ' or use TWID,TWIE oR TWIF

Config TwiC = 100000                                         'CONFIG TWI will ENABLE the TWI master interface

I2cinit #4

 

 

Example Mega328PB

'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'name                     : m328pb.bas
'copyright                : (c) 1995-2016, MCS Electronics
'purpose                  : demonstrates M328pb
'micro                    : Mega328pb
'suited for demo          : yes
'commercial addon needed  : no
'--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$regfile = "m328pbdef.dat"
$crystal = 8000000
$baud = 19200
$hwstack = 40
$swstack = 40
$framesize = 40
 
' USART   TX    RX
'   0     D.1   D.0
'   1     B.3   B.4
 
' ISP programming
' MOSI-PB3     MISO-PB4   SCK-PB5
 
' TWI    SDA   SCL
'  0     C.4   C.5
'  1     E.0   E.1
 
'Configuration
 
Config Clockdiv = 1                                         'make sure we get 8 Mhz from internal osc
 
Config Com1 = Dummy , Synchrone = 0 , Parity = None , Stopbits = 1 , Databits = 8 , Clockpol = 0
Config Com2 = 19200 , Synchrone = 0 , Parity = None , Stopbits = 1 , Databits = 8 , Clockpol = 0
 
'we have 2 TWI interfaces
Config Scl = Portc.5                                       ' we need to provide the SCL pin name
Config Sda = Portc.4                                       ' we need to provide the SDA pin name
 
Config Sda1 = Porte.0                                       'use this for the second TWI
Config Scl1 = Porte.1
 
Config Twi = 100000                                         'speed 100 KHz
Config Twi1 = 100000                                       'speed 100 KHz
 
'some constants for the signature row
Const Device_signature_byte1 = 0
Const Device_signature_byte2 = 2
Const Device_signature_byte3 = 4
 
Const Rc_oscillator_calibration = 1
 
Const Serial_number_byte0 = &H0E
Const Serial_number_byte1 = &H0F
Const Serial_number_byte2 = &H10
Const Serial_number_byte3 = &H11
Const Serial_number_byte4 = &H12
Const Serial_number_byte5 = &H13
Const Serial_number_byte6 = &H14
Const Serial_number_byte7 = &H15
Const Serial_number_byte8 = &H16
Const Serial_number_byte9 = &H17
 
$lib "I2C_TWI-MULTI.lib"                                   'important for using 2 TWI interfaces
 
Dim _i2cchannel As Byte                                     ' you MUST dim this variable yourself when using the above lib
Dim B As Byte                                               'just a used byte
 
I2cinit                                                     'default TWI init
I2cinit Twi1                                               'optional specify TWI1 to init that interface
 
Open "com2:" For Binary As #2                               'create a channel to reference the UART
 
'print the chip ID
Print "ID : " ; Hex(readsig(device_signature_byte1)) ; Hex(readsig(device_signature_byte2)) ; Hex(readsig(device_signature_byte3))
 
'all I2C statements will work the same. All you need to do is to set the _i2cchannel variable to 0 or 1
_i2cchannel = 1                                             'try the second bus
 
Print "Scan start"
For B = 0 To 254 Step 2                                     'for all odd addresses
I2cstart
I2cwbyte B                                               'send address
If Err = 0 Then                                           'we got an ack
    Print "Slave at : " ; B ; " hex : " ; Hex(b) ; " bin : " ; Bin(b)
End If
I2cstop                                                   'free bus
Next
 
 
Do
  Print "COM1"
  Print #2 , "COM2"
  Waitms 1000
Loop